Tim Flach’s intimate portraits of endangered animals

Caught in a striking, human-like pose, this pied tamarin was shot against Tim Flach's trademark black background – the endangered primate lives in a restricted part of the Brazilian Amazon. Taken on a Canon EOS 5D Mark III with a Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM lens at 100mm, 1/200 sec, f/20 and ISO200. © 2017 Tim Flach

Tim Flach is not a conventional wildlife photographer. He’s known for his immaculately-lit studio portraits of animals, from dogs and horses to monkeys and lions, which emphasise their expressive, human-like qualities. But while Endangered, Tim’s fifth book, applies a similar approach, it’s driven by an underlying message – our relationship with nature is on the precipice.

“We’re at a unique time in our history. We need to culturally change – I sense that urgency,” Tim says. “For the first time, it’s not natural forces that are endangering species and marking the planet, it’s us. In the past, nature was seen as robust and we were vulnerable. Now nature is vulnerable.”

Another difference with Endangered is that instead of bringing animals to his studio to photograph them, he shot them in a range of different environments. Over two-and-a-half years, Tim travelled the world taking pictures, photographing white rhinos in Kenya, monarch butterflies in Mexico and Philippine eagles. He was keen to show not just the obviously charismatic species such as elephants, pandas or tigers but other, sometimes less glamorous, life forms – stick insects, or lichen, for example.

In a long exposure, Tim was able to capture fireflies illuminated in a dark wood. Lampyridae, to give them their scientific name, live in both tropical and temperate latitudes around the world. Taken on a Canon EOS 5DS with a Canon EF 35mm f/1.4L USM lens at 1024 sec, f/2.2 and ISO4000. © 2017 Tim Flach
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Guiding the selection of subjects was zoologist Jonathan Baillie, who wrote a prologue and epilogue for the book. He also wrote the text that accompanies the 180 pictures, all of which was rigorously checked for accuracy by experts. “I worked hard chasing stories and then they helped me write them up," says Tim. "It was important to find a balance between the poetic and the technical. We wanted to bring people in.”

There’s a balance in the book between the more stylised animal portraits, against plain backdrops, and those that show creatures in their environment – a new venture for Tim. “Some portraits are quite deceptive because I’d put a black background outside and wait for a bird to fly across. They weren’t always in zoos, and they certainly weren’t in the studio. It wouldn’t be appropriate to bring a gorilla into a studio.”

Yellow-eyed tree frogs in Costa Rica lay their jelly-coated eggs on a leaf or branch over still water, and a week later tadpoles hatch and swim away. A 5x zoom lens captures tiny detail that can’t be seen with the naked eye. Taken on a Canon EOS 5DS with a Canon MP-E 65mm f/2.8 1-5x Macro Photo lens at 1/125 sec, f/16 and ISO320. © 2017 Tim Flach
This western lowland gorilla – a critically endangered species found in Angola, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea – was photographed in natural light from a boat. Taken on a Canon EOS 5DS with a Canon EF 200-400mm f/4L IS USM Extender 1.4x lens at 380mm, 1/320 sec, f/14 and ISO3200. © 2017 Tim Flach
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Yet looking at one shot of a gorilla drinking water that's so detailed, so seemingly controlled, it’s hard to believe this was shot from afar in natural light. “That was shot from a boat – you can see the reflections of the water on the gorilla’s fingers,” Tim reveals. 

Using Canon kit, he was “able to realise something that wouldn’t have been possible four or five years ago. I couldn’t shoot at ISO 1600 without creating a bit of noise, and I certainly couldn’t hand hold from a boat and get images like this.” Shooting on the Canon EOS 5DS – with its 50.6 megapixels and full-frame CMOS sensor – allowed Tim to achieve extremely high resolution photos, even in low light.

“[For Endangered] I needed to shoot with long lenses, often with a Canon EF 800mm f/5.6 lens, or to shoot things, such as the fireflies, in the dark, which required long exposures." It was all achievable first take – testament to the camera's 61-point High Density Reticular AF system that includes 41 cross-type AF points and EOS iTR AF.

Tim came face-to-face with a hippopotamus while swimming in a lake crowded with fish. Hippos, which live in Sub-Saharan Africa, are a vulnerable species, suffering habitat loss and poaching for bushmeat and their teeth. Taken on a Canon EOS 5DS with a Canon EF 11-24mm f/4L USM lens at 21mm, 1/125 sec, f/8 and ISO2000. © 2017 Tim Flach

“I think photography is interesting when it extends our experience, when it allows us to see something you couldn’t see with your eyes alone," Tim says. "The Canon lenses I used allowed me to go in and see tree frog eggs in incredible detail, and to see birds flying at high speed with their wings really sharp while bending from the pressure of flight.”

The Canon EOS 5DS’s body is compact enough to easily manoeuvre in response to a moving animal subject, while offering medium-format resolution. “With the larger file size it offers, I’m able to print these photographs large for exhibitions – they can be part of museum shows as well, not just a book.”

Layers of brightly-coloured monarch butterflies fill the frame. Numbers have been dwindling, leading to conservation measures, including the protection of Mexican forests. Taken on a Canon EOS 5DS with a Canon EF 800mm f/5.6L IS USM lens at 1/125 sec, f/7.1 and ISO3200. © 2017 Tim Flach

Ultimately, Tim hopes to bring the project to as wide an audience as possible. “You could influence a small art community but you also want to influence future politicians, scientists and conservationists. Maybe it will take them on a different course."

Making work that is both artistic and accessible is something that Tim, who describes himself as a “communicator”, relishes. “It’s always much more challenging to have a layered type of work,” he tells us. “On one level, you might find out more about a species, on another a particular animal might remind you of a science fiction character, such as Yoda or those fireflies from Avatar. As you move through this process of connection and association, you start questioning how people have traditionally represented nature. It’s very important to bring the otherness to us, to touch hearts and feelings as we bring it into our world.”

Autor Rachel Segal Hamilton

Tim Flach’s kitbag

The key kit pros use to take their photographs

A Canon EOS 5DS camera.


Canon EOS 5DS

Combine fast, instinctive DSLR handling with 50.6-megapixel resolution, and capture exquisite detail in every moment. The EOS 5DS will transform the way you look at the world. “With the larger file size it offers, I’m able to print these photographs large for exhibitions – they can be part of museum shows as well, not just a book,” says Tim.

Canon EOS 5D Mark III

The EOS 5D Mark III is a full-frame 22.3 MP DSLR with 61-point autofocus and 6fps continuous shooting. Capture high-quality Full HD movies, with manual control over everything from frame rate to audio.


Canon EF 800mm f/5.6L IS USM

The EF 800mm f/5.6L IS USM super-telephoto provides huge magnification, making it suited to wildlife and sports photography. Tim says: “[For Endangered] I needed to shoot with long lenses, often with a Canon EF 800mm f/5.6 lens."

Canon MP-E 65mm f/2.8 1-5x Macro Photo

This unique macro lens is designed to achieve a high magnification greater than life size (1.0x) without the need for additional accessories. "This Canon lens allowed me to go in and see tree frog eggs in incredible detail," says Tim.

Canon EF 200-400mm f/4L IS USM Extender 1.4x

A professional-grade lens with a built-in 1.4x extender that boosts focal lengths to 280-560mm. A four-stop Image Stabilizer maximises sharpness. Instinctive controls enhance handing.


Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM

The EF 100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM has a true macro magnification ratio of 1:1, meaning the object you are photographing in real life is the same size as on your camera sensor.

Canon EF 35mm f/1.4L USM

A true modern classic: a standard wide-angle lens beloved by reportage photographers for its natural perspective, low-light capability and extraordinary optical performance.

Canon EF 11-24mm f/4L USM

The complete range of ultra wide-angle focal lengths in a single high-quality zoom lens. Enjoy swift, near-silent AF, with full-time manual override.

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